The temperatures in the month of February can play tricks on us here in the Northeast. One day during the week it can be around 65’ then the next day 40’. These temperatures not only have us confused, but wildlife animals as well. Well, “how does that affect me?” you ask. That’s a great question, one I’ll explain further for you.
Raccoons only need a 4-inch hole to gain access into your attic or building. If the hole is not 4-inch, they can tear their way into the building with their human like hands if they sense that area is what they want. These nuisance pests look for any easy access into your home where they will make their nest. These are extremely smart and have learned that buildings with garbage cans or dumpsters are great locations to live for their adequate food
Raccoons are nocturnal in which they are mostly active during nighttime.
Home attics are an example of a location where the female will nest her cubs if there’s an adequate food supply nearby and nothing to bother them. Late winter is when breeding typically occurs and the babies will be born in the spring time. However, if the female didn't bred at that time, then it will bred four months afterward and the babies will be born in the summer. Females can birth as many as six cubs per reproduction.
These nuisance pests will tear up an attic space. They shred the insulation, wires and personal items that have been stored to make their nests. These pests will also use the insulation as a personal bathroom leaving their urine and feces all throughout the attic. Raccoons can cause a significant amount of damage for the homeowner to clean up. There are some homeowner's insurance companies that will cover the seal work and/or the cleanup expense from a raccoon. You need to contact your insurance company to verify if that would be covered.
Not only do they cause damage, but they can be very toxic. Raccoons are the primary host of carrying roundworms. The roundworm eggs are passed in the feces of the infected raccoon and can infect people including pets by ingesting the eggs. The raccoon feces and urine carry diseases such as leptospirosis, giardia and salmonella. The systems are nausea, abdominal cramps, diarrhea, aching muscles, headaches, fever, jaundice and dehydration. Pets and children are at a higher risk for rabies from infected raccoons by contact of the raccoon’s saliva from either a bite or scratch.